Characteristics of Classical Civilization: 500 BCE-500 CE (India, China, Greece, Rome, Persia)
  1. Religion and Culture
    1. Expanded view of deities in new religions
    2. SALVATION the chief objective
    3. Understanding moral inequalities between people
  2. Military
    1. Increased spending
    2. More challenges particularly from Nomadic groups
    3. Taxation levied to support large military cultures (Rome)
    4. Empires becoming increasingly common
  3. Social Class/Group dynamics
    1. Distinctions becoming increasingly obvious, rich getting richer, poor getting poorer.
    2. Social stratification based on employment (Indo-China)
    3. Rigid social structures based on caste
    4. Cultures interested in regulating the moral behavior of its citizens (China-Confucius)
    5. Evolution of social norms
  4. Economic
    1. Enhanced participation in long distance trade (India-China)
    2. Built roads and supported networks of trade and communication
    3. All civilizations were agrarian in nature (minor exception in Greece)
    4. Extensive taxation and control over agriculture to build elaborate projects.
    5. Need to protect private property
  5. Political
    1. New effective means of administration (elaborate bureaucracy-Persia)
    2. Evolution of Imperial States (Greco-Roman/Persia)
    3. Centralized states (China)
    4. Rebellions/Civil Strife becoming increasingly common
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